What is Cystic Acne?
Cystic acne is an extreme condition of acne and it results in large red and raised cysts and nodules that are deeply rooted deep beneath the skin. This skin condition mainly affects the face and also influences the upper trunk and upper arms. Cystic acne on back and on chin is also appeared among individuals but its very rare.
Although cystic acne scars are much intense, luckily it influences far less individuals. According to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) around 2 in each 1000 individuals are influenced by cystic acne as compared to 70 in 1000 for common acne.
Causes for Cystic Acne
What causes cystic acne? Strange enough that real cause is still not known. Research gives a few reasons of popping cystic acne but that too is not well supported by evidences.
The best considered cause of cystic acne is that sebum (or skin cells) get clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This causes skin inflammation and produces ideal conditions for development of an anaerobic bacterium (Propionibacterium acnes or P.acne) found on the skin.
Different other factors which contribute are:
- Hormonal disorders associated with puberty, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, menopause, birth control, the use of of hormone therapy.
- Genetic/heredity characteristics
- Excessive utilization of chemicals, moisturizers, occlusive, oily cosmetics.
- Humidity and sweating of high rate
- Some medications and chemicals (for instance, corticosteroids, lithium, phenytoin, isoniazid),
Symptoms of Cystic Acne:
- Huge, red and painful breakouts on the face, mid-section, back, upper arms, shoulders, thighs
- Nodules that show up as raised, red knocks
- Injuries felt underneath the skin before they’re seen
- More pimples and nodules
- Breakouts that are painful to the touch
Treatment For Cystic Acne
The most common question asked from skin specialists is: How to get rid of cystic acne? As cysts develops deep under the layers of the skin, its get to be harder to treat cystic breakout as compared with typical acne.
Numerous dermatologists are of the view that this acne is the most severe type of skin inflammation and the conventional acne medications are ineffective for it. However, following are some medications which showed positive outcomes:
- Benzoyl peroxide is viewed as the most ideal approach for cystic acne. It works by killing causative bacteria, P. acnes. Moisturizers, cleansing liquids, creams and gels (containing Benzoyl peroxide) should be used once or twice a day.
- Isotretinoin is an oral solution that influences oil organ and stop oil emission. Results are there however many serious side effects are reported. For example, loss of the pregnancy, untimely birth, liver dis-functioning, joint pains, dried out lips and baldness.
- A corticosteroid injection directly into a cyst helps reduce inflammation. In any case, such treatment is to be carried out by a dermatologist.
- Avoid dairy products, sugar, caffeine, chocolates, fried and fast foods
- Increase the use of zinc rich foods (pumpkin seeds, cashews, chickpeas), vitamin A foods (spinach, sweet potatoes, carrots, kale), high protein food (organic chicken, fish, eggs), high fiber foods (fruits, nuts, seeds), liver supportive food (pears, apple, cauliflower, broccoli, leafy greens)
- Do not wash over and over again – twice every day is sufficient, utilizing a mild soap or cleanser with lukewarm water
- Never pick and squeeze pimples as this only worsen skin break out
- Avoid applying heavy cosmetics and make sure to remove make-up before going to bed
- Never use thick moisturizers (particularly creams) in the areas where any kind of skin break out happens. Stay with lightweight alternatives with gel or moisturizers.
All types of acne can influence self-esteem and state of mind, yet the danger of mental trouble is higher for cystic skin break out as it has a greater impact on face and negatively influences youth and grown-ups who might be all the more socially sensitive.